ARKANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY, Volume 24 (Spring 1965), p. 67

Arkansas Weatherman:

Dr. Nathan D. Smith


By Brenda Ball


Arkansas had a number of important and useful citizens in her formative years, but few of these have been more neglected by state historians than Dr. Nathan Douglas Smith, whose weather records, kept at Washington, Arkansas and published by the Smithsonian Institution in 1860, have been a lasting contribution to our state's people. Born in Connecticut, September 3, 1791, Nathan Smith graduated from Fairfield Medical School, a noted medical college founded in 1812 at Fairfield, New York. He then practiced under "the celebrated Dr. Hull, of New York, one of the prominent physicians of his day (1)." Diploma in hand, he migrated in about 1817 to New Orleans, seeking a place to practice his profession. When nothing was found immediately, he hired out as a journeyman printer, a trade he had learned as a boy before beginning his medical studies (2).

In the winter of 1818-1819 he encountered a group of Arkansas cotton planters who had come to the Crescent City from Hempstead County, in the southwest corner of the territory.
*The author is a graduate student at the University Of Arkansas.
1. Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas .... (Chicago: Goodspeed,
1890), 292; National Cylopedia of American Biography.....Vol. II (New York, 1921), 194; Mrs. Russell Spicer to author, Magnolia, Arkansas, November 21, 1963, quoting from Smith Family Bible. (This letter is cited hereafter as Mrs. Spicer, who in Dr. Smith's great-granddaughter, to author, November 21, 1963. It is in possession of the author.)
2. (Little Rock) Daily Arkansas Gazette, August 29, 1867; unsigned letter in Smith's hand to
Joseph Henry, Washington, Arkansas, November 1, 1860, in which Smith recalls being "a printer boy, fifty years ago." The letter is owned by Mrs. Raymond Stuart, Atlanta, Texas, a great-granddaughter of Dr. Smith. (Cited hereafter as Smith to Henry, November 1, 1860.







 Study Questions

 Related Sites

Next Page