Columbia County -- History Articles
- 1. "Early
Days in Columbia County," by Glen G. Martel in Arkansas
- 2 (September 1943): 214-43.
- A social and economic history of the county
before the Civil War.
- The article is based up the author's M.A.
thesis completed in 1933 and
- reflects the historical interpretations of
that era with regard to slavery.
- 2. "Origins
of Columbia's Place Names Reviewed," by Glen Martel
in Arkansas Historical
- Quarterly 11
(Spring 1952): 1-14.
- Provides as interesting account of the origins
of the names of many towns, villages, and other locations in
- 3. "'Frog
Level,' Oldest House in Columbia County," by Mary Davis
Woodward in Arkansas
- Historical Quarterly
8 (Spring 1949): 327-30.
- Describes the Frazier plantation home built
in 1852. As of 1999, this home still stands in
- Columbia county.
- 4. "Letters
From Columbia County Confederate Soldiers," by Ted R.
Worley in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 4 (Spring 1945):
- Two letters written in 1861 from soldiers
of Company G, 6th Arkansas Infantry, first known as James P.
Austin's Columbia Guards. Both tell of camp life and deaths from
typhoid fever rather than of war and deaths from battle.
- 5. "Clayton
and Catterson Rob Columbia County," by J.H. Atkinson
in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 21 (Summer 1962): 153-57.
- A letter written to President Andrew Johnson
in 1868 protesting the actions of Governor Powell Clayton in
declaring martial law and sending armed forces into Columbia
county, where several freedmen had been killed, in the struggles
over Reconstruction policies following the Civil War.
- 6. "Memories
of a University Student, 1906-1910," by James Harris
Atkinson in Arkansas
- Historical Quarterly
30(Autumn 1971): 213-41.
- Memories of Atkinson, who with sporadic attendance
at College Hill and Waldo schools in Columbia County nonetheless
went on to earn a degree from the University of Arkansas and
later become widely-known as "Mr. Arkansas History"
for his expertise and promotion of the study of the state's past.
- 7. "James
Harris Atkinson, 1888-1973," by Hugh Park in Arkansas
Historical Quarterly 32
- (Winter 1973): 370-80.
- A biographical sketch of an educator and
historian who from the 1940s-1960s was the most important individual
promoting the study of Arkansas history by his service as chairman
of the Arkansas History Commission and President and Board member
of the Arkansas Historical Association.
- 8. "The
Textile Industry in Columbia County, Arkansas," by Glen
Martel in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 4 (Spring 1945):
- Tells the story of the building of a textile
plant in Magnolia in 1927, one of only a few at the time in Arkansas,
and its operation through the Second World War.
- 9. "Oil
and Gas in Southwest Arkansas," by Glen Martel in Arkansas
- 4 (Spring 1945): 172-214.
- Provides some history of oil and gas development
but focuses more upon its science and technology and anticipates
the oil boom in Columbia county after the Second World War.
- 10. "Harvey
C. Couch and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation,"
by James S. Olson in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 32
(Autumn 1973): 217-25.
- Points out the important role this Arkansas
businessman played in combating the Great Depression in 1932-33.
- 11. "Arkansas's
Reaction to the Men Who Said "No" to World War II,"
by Cynthia Hastas Morris in Arkansas Historical Quarterly
43 (Summer 1984): 153-77.
- An account of conscientious objectors from
Arkansas and of Camp Magnolia, the only work camp in the state
for conscientious objectors giving alternative national service
in lieu of military service. The fifty young men at Camp Magnolia,
located just north of Southern Arkansas University, worked forty
hours per week on soil conservation projects and faced local