Columbia County -- History Articles

1. "Early Days in Columbia County," by Glen G. Martel in Arkansas Historical Quarterly
2 (September 1943): 214-43.
A social and economic history of the county before the Civil War.
The article is based up the author's M.A. thesis completed in 1933 and
reflects the historical interpretations of that era with regard to slavery.
2. "Origins of Columbia's Place Names Reviewed," by Glen Martel in Arkansas Historical
Quarterly 11 (Spring 1952): 1-14.
Provides as interesting account of the origins of the names of many towns, villages, and other locations in Columbia county.
3. "'Frog Level,' Oldest House in Columbia County," by Mary Davis Woodward in Arkansas
Historical Quarterly 8 (Spring 1949): 327-30.
Describes the Frazier plantation home built in 1852. As of 1999, this home still stands in
Columbia county.
4. "Letters From Columbia County Confederate Soldiers," by Ted R. Worley in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 4 (Spring 1945): 172-75.
Two letters written in 1861 from soldiers of Company G, 6th Arkansas Infantry, first known as James P. Austin's Columbia Guards. Both tell of camp life and deaths from typhoid fever rather than of war and deaths from battle.
5. "Clayton and Catterson Rob Columbia County," by J.H. Atkinson in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 21 (Summer 1962): 153-57.
A letter written to President Andrew Johnson in 1868 protesting the actions of Governor Powell Clayton in declaring martial law and sending armed forces into Columbia county, where several freedmen had been killed, in the struggles over Reconstruction policies following the Civil War.
6. "Memories of a University Student, 1906-1910," by James Harris Atkinson in Arkansas
Historical Quarterly 30(Autumn 1971): 213-41.
Memories of Atkinson, who with sporadic attendance at College Hill and Waldo schools in Columbia County nonetheless went on to earn a degree from the University of Arkansas and later become widely-known as "Mr. Arkansas History" for his expertise and promotion of the study of the state's past.
7. "James Harris Atkinson, 1888-1973," by Hugh Park in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 32
(Winter 1973): 370-80.
A biographical sketch of an educator and historian who from the 1940s-1960s was the most important individual promoting the study of Arkansas history by his service as chairman of the Arkansas History Commission and President and Board member of the Arkansas Historical Association.
8. "The Textile Industry in Columbia County, Arkansas," by Glen Martel in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 4 (Spring 1945): 78-86.
Tells the story of the building of a textile plant in Magnolia in 1927, one of only a few at the time in Arkansas, and its operation through the Second World War.
9. "Oil and Gas in Southwest Arkansas," by Glen Martel in Arkansas Historical Quarterly
4 (Spring 1945): 172-214.
Provides some history of oil and gas development but focuses more upon its science and technology and anticipates the oil boom in Columbia county after the Second World War.
10. "Harvey C. Couch and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation," by James S. Olson in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 32 (Autumn 1973): 217-25.
Points out the important role this Arkansas businessman played in combating the Great Depression in 1932-33.
11. "Arkansas's Reaction to the Men Who Said "No" to World War II," by Cynthia Hastas Morris in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 43 (Summer 1984): 153-77.
An account of conscientious objectors from Arkansas and of Camp Magnolia, the only work camp in the state for conscientious objectors giving alternative national service in lieu of military service. The fifty young men at Camp Magnolia, located just north of Southern Arkansas University, worked forty hours per week on soil conservation projects and faced local hostility.