African American--History Articles--in
- 1. "Jumping
the Broomstick: Slave Marriage and Morality in Arkansas,"
by Orville W. Taylor in Arkansas Historical Quarterly
17 (Autumn 1958): 217-31.
- Denied legal marriages, other marriage ceremonies
were invented by and for slaves. This article examines such practices
in Arkansas. It also deals with the controversial topic of relationships
between owners and slaves.
- 2. "The
American Missionary Association and the Freedmen's Bureau in
- Arkansas, 1866-1868" by
Larry Wesley Pearce in Arkansas Historical
- Quarterly 30
- Examines the work of this Northern education
aid society which sent
- teachers to Arkansas to open schools for
newly-freed African Americans.
- 3. "'A
Dear Little Job:' Second Lieutenant Hiram F. Willis, Freedman's
Bureau Agent in Southwestern Arkansas, 1866-1868," by
William L. Richter in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 50
(Summer 1994): 158-200.
- A thorough account of the work of Willis's
effort to assist newly freed African Americans after the Civil
- 4. "Black
Politics in Arkansas During the Gilded Age, 1876-1900,"
by Carl H. Moneyhon in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 44
(Autumn 1985: 222-45.
- Surveys the continuing participation of African
Americans in Arkansas politics and the "sophistication and
vitality" of Black political life, even after the end of
- 5. "Golden
Prospects and Fraternal Amenities: Mifflin W. Gibbs' Arkansas
Years," by Tom W. Dillard in Arkansas Historical
Quarterly 35(Winter 1976): 307-33.
- A biography of one of the most important
political and business leaders of the African- American community
in Arkansas from the end of Reconstruction to the early 20th
- 6. "Negro
Legislators in Arkansas 1891: A Document" by Willard
- Gatewood, Jr. in Arkansas Historical Quarterly
31 (Spring 1974):220-33.
- Has biographical sketches of several African-Americans
who served in the Arkansas legislator
and who fought against the 1891aw to segregate Blacks in public
- 7. "'We
have Just Begun': Black Organizing and White Response in the
Arkansas Delta, 1919," by Kieran Taylor in Arkansas
Historical Quarterly 58 (Autumn 1999): 264-84.
- A sophisticated historical analysis of the
changing psychological and economic forces affecting the Black
and White communities of the Delta that produced the clash of
the Elaine Riot of 1919.
- 8. "Low
Villains and Wickedness in High Places: Race and Class in Elaine
Race Riots," by Jeannie M. Wayne in Arkansas Historical
Quarterly 58 (Autumn 1999): 285-313.
- Analyzes the competing historical interpretations
of the Elaine Race Riot of 1919 and suggests this specific event
is best understood within the larger context of white -black
struggles in the Delta and is a more complicated story than usually
- 9. "The
Elaine Race Riots of 1919," by O. A. Rogers, Jr. in
Arkansas Historical Quarterly 19
(Summer 1960): 142-50.
- A brief, factual account of the Elaine incident,
indicating that it was caused by African American farmers seeking
economic justice who met with a violent response of the white
- 10. "An
Outstanding Arkansas Composer William Grant Still" by
Mary D. Hudgins in Arkansas Historical Quarterly 24 (Winter
- A biographical sketch of the most famous
African American compose of classical music. Written before Still
died, this article does not describe or evaluate his entire career.