Negative reinforcement, on the other hand, is when a response is followed by the removal of a stimulus and then that response is more likely to recur. Notice that negative reinforcement also makes the response more likely to recur. Let's revisit that hypothetical classroom in the near future. Now, when you sit in your desk, you are subjected to electric shock. Whenever you are in your desk you are being shocked. One day you ask a question, and the shock disappears, briefly. You ask another question, and it disappears briefly again. Soon, you are asking a lot of questions. Your question asking is also being reinforced, but now by the removal of a stimulus, or by negative reinforcement.
In everyday life, nagging is one of the more common examples of negative reinforcement. If someone nags at you, and then you perform some behavior, then the nagging stops, you may perform that behavior again when the nagging starts another time.
- Positive Reinforcement--tutorial, basic, long, links
- Page teaches the concept of positive reinforcement, provides a definition and six examples. http://server.bmod.athabascau.ca/html/prtut/reinpair.htm