Bruno Bettelheim


Born in Vienna in 1903. Was interned in Dachau and Buchenwald from 1938-9. Emigrated to the United States and ended up at the University of Chicago where he headed the Orthogenic School. He pioneered a controversial theory of autism (now defunct) which blamed mothers's indifference. In 1990 he committed suicide, an act that surprised many, given the optimistic tone of many of his books. Recently, Bettelheim has again become the subject of debate in the light of two recent biographies. (see URLs below)

Fairy Tales